# A CNN-based methodology for breast cancer diagnosis using thermal images

Published in Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering: Imaging & Visualization, 2020

Recommended citation: Zuluaga-Gomez, J., Al Masry, Z., Benaggoune, K., Meraghni, S. and Zerhouni, N., 2021. A CNN-based methodology for breast cancer diagnosis using thermal images. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering: Imaging & Visualization, 9(2), pp.131-145. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/21681163.2020.1824685

A recent study from GLOBOCAN disclosed that during 2018 two million women worldwide had been diagnosed with breast cancer. Currently, mammography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and biopsies are the main screening techniques, which require either, expensive devices or personal qualified; but some countries still lack access due to economic, social, or cultural issues. As an alternative diagnosis methodology for breast cancer, this study presents a computer-aided diagnosis system based on convolutional neural networks (CNN) using thermal images. We demonstrate that CNNs are faster, reliable and robust when compared with different techniques. We study the influence of data pre-processing, data augmentation and database size on several CAD models. Among the 57 patients database, our CNN models obtained a higher accuracy (92%) and F1-score (92%) that outperforms several state-of-the-art architectures such as ResNet50, SeResNet50, and Inception. This study exhibits that a CAD system that implements data-augmentation techniques reach identical performance metrics in comparison with a system that uses a bigger database (up to 33%) but without data-augmentation. Finally, this study proposes a computer-aided system for breast cancer diagnosis but also, it stands as baseline research on the influence of data-augmentation and database size for breast cancer diagnosis from thermal images with CNNs/

Recommended citation:

Zuluaga-Gomez, J., Al Masry, Z., Benaggoune, K., Meraghni, S. and Zerhouni, N., 2021. A CNN-based methodology for breast cancer diagnosis using thermal images. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering: Imaging & Visualization, 9(2), pp.131-145.

• BibTeX:
@article{zuluaga2021cnn,
title={A CNN-based methodology for breast cancer diagnosis using thermal images},
author={Zuluaga-Gomez, Juan and Al Masry, Zeina and Benaggoune, Khaled and Meraghni, Safa and Zerhouni, Nourredine},
journal={Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering: Imaging \& Visualization},
volume={9},
number={2},
pages={131--145},
year={2021},
publisher={Taylor \& Francis}
}